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January 29, 2020 3 min read

As more consumers delve into the wonderful science that is terpenes, they are discovering the incredible power of these naturally occurring essential oils. Earlier, we covered limonene and nerolidol, where the various applications of these terpenes were noted to have found a valuable place in cannabinoid and medical sciences.

Today we’re focusing in on another incredible terpene: beta-caryophyllene.

Terpene Refresher

To recap, terpenes, such as terpinolene, pinene, and beta-caryophyllene, are naturally occurring essential oils that are found and produced in the resin glands of the cannabis flower. These complex bioactive compounds are known to interact, in a complex manner, with cells, tissues, and whole organisms and are largely responsible for the aroma and flavor of individual cannabis strains.

Terpenes also work as part of the Entourage Effect, along with cannabinoids and flavonoids, to enhance each other’s effects. The term Entourage Effect was coined by Dr. Ralph Mechoulam and Dr. Shimon Ben-Shabat in 1998 after they discovered how terpenes, flavonoids, and cannabinoids all work in harmony with each other. When these substances are consumed individually, the effect is less than if they are consumed together. Cannabinoids, flavonoids, and terpenes all work in synergy to create more pronounced effects on the consumer.

A Glimpse Into Beta-Caryophyllene

Beta-Caryophyllene is well known for its woody, citrus, spicy, aroma that is reminiscent of cloves, cinnamon, and black pepper. Beta-Caryophyllene occurs naturally in many strong spice aromatics like black pepper, cloves, and cinnamon and has been used for its pain and anxiety-reducing effects.

Beta-Caryophyllene is a well-known terpene that acts similarly to cannabinoids. It has anti-microbial and anti-fungal properties and is well known for its ability to combat stress, anxiety, and depression. Beta-Caryophyllene is great for insomniacs and individuals looking to unwind after a long day.

Furthermore, beta-caryophyllene is a common food additive, as it has been approved for use by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). It can also be found in many household products, including soaps, cleansers, and cleaners. The use of beta-caryophyllene in these products has prompted scientists to study the possible medicinal applications of beta-caryophyllene and the role terpenes play in overall health. 

One of the biggest findings related to beta-caryophyllene is that it has the power to combat the overconsumption of THC. Many people have heard about chewing on whole black pepper to calm an intense THC-induced high, and this is related to the beta-caryophyllene content in black pepper.

The Science Behind Beta-Caryophyllene

There have been several studies published on the effects of beta-caryophyllene as a tool to reduce alcoholism as well as a study that looks at the effects of the terpene on CB2 receptors found in the Endocannabinoid System (ECS).

A 2014 animal study looked at the effects of beta-caryophyllene on stress and anxiety in mice. The results demonstrated that mice who were given beta-caryophyllene responded better in stressful and anxiety-inducing situations, such as the forced swim test. The authors concluded that CB2 receptors offer good therapeutic targets for treating stress and anxiety, and further studies are warranted.

Another 2018 study looked at the role of beta-caryophyllene in preventing or treating hepatic injury concerning oxidative stress, inflammation, and steatosis. The authors concluded that there was good translational potential for these medical applications.

Finally, a 2014 study evaluated the role of beta-caryophyllene in helping to reduce alcoholism tendencies in mice. The study concluded that mice who were given beta-caryophyllene ingested less alcohol and demonstrated less of a preference for the substance.

High Beta-Caryophyllene Strains

Beta-Caryophyllene is present in both sativa and indica strains, although it is more prominent in indica buds which have relaxing, sedative properties. According to Leafly, some strains historically rich in beta-caryophyllene terpenes include:

  • Super Silver Haze
  • Wedding Cake
  • Girl Scout Cookies
  • Bubba Kush
  • Sour Diesel
  • Chemdog
  • Candyland
  • Death Star
  • Original Glue
  • Cookies and Cream
  • Gelato
  • The White
  • Master Kush

It is always advisable to look at individual strain information, as terpene and cannabinoid levels can vary greatly even amongst the same strain.

Enjoy the Benefits of Beta-Caryophyllene with Meraki Tips

Meraki Tips harness the benefits of terpenes by infusing essential oils, such as beta-caryophyllene, into terpene-enhanced crutches in order to maximize the potential of each and every cannabis experience. Consumers have a choice between the Sayonara Tip to boost the relaxing properties of their herb, or the Peaceful Tip designed to curb unwanted anxieties that may have cropped up throughout the day. Both tips boast the magic of terpenes that seek to enhance every experience with the cannabis plant.